If you have toenail fungus, how do you find it out? If your toenails are bulkier than normal size and out of shape, then there are chances that you may have toenail fungus infection. Some other visible signs like your nails exhibiting unusual color, such as a white, black or yellow, mark the origin of this infection. Though there are a lot of different nail issues, almost 50% of these are caused by toenail fungal infections. Toenail fungus disease is of three different types;
Proximal subungual toenail fungus
Proximal subungual onychomycosis is a type of toenail fungus with a lesser prevalent attacking frequency. The fungus, Trichophyton rubrum, which causes the most common type of infection, is also responsible for this. But this type of infection occurs when the fungus enters the nail through a different region, which is near the cuticle. As the fungus develops, it works deeper into the nail and emerges as a white or yellow stain. Over time, your entire nail can become stained, thick and brittle. It causes severe pain as the nail drags away from the skin.
White superficial toenail fungus
This is the second-most common type of onychomycosis. But it only accounts for about ten percent of toenail fungus cases. This type of infection is caused by a fungus namely Trichophyton mentagrophytes. In the premature stages only the external surface of your nail gets affected. The infected region becomes white, and you can rub this white substance off with no trouble. But when the infection reaches the later stages, your entire nail can turn white. It may seem as if your nail is dry and disintegrating. This kind of toenail fungal infection typically doesn’t cause damage.
Distal subungual toenail fungus
This is the most frequent type of toenail fungal infection. As mentioned earlier it is often caused by a fungus namely Trichophyton rubrum. During the early phase a portion of your nail’s color changes. The color can either be yellow or white or green or a mix of all these colors. This type of infection usually occurs at the tip of the nail or near the edges of the nail. The affected nail falls apart from the skin under it. During the later stages of the fungal infection, the whole toenail appears stained, coarse and thick. If the toenail grows very thick, it can hurt you while you are wearing your footwear.
These are some of the common types of toenail fungal infections that can affect you. They can affect the nails on your hands as well, but toenails are more commonly affected. So stay clean and look out for remedies if you are infected by any of these types.